Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History | 14th Edition . Using Blackboard, open the interactive eBook, take notes, review flashcards, watch videos, and. Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History | 14th Edition WebTutor™ on Blackboard® with eBook on Gateway Instant Access Code. ISBN Editorial Reviews. Review. Introduction. 1. Art before History. 2. Mesopotamia and Persia. 3. Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History 14th Edition, Kindle Edition .. It includes an interactive eBook, all images included within the text, nearly videos, audio resources, image flashcards, a printable Slide Guide.
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In the Thai language these murals are known to form the Ramakian , the Thai national epic, which was written during the reign of Rama I. These stories formed the basis for the paintings made during the reign of King Rama I — These paintings are refurbished regularly.
The murals, in scenes starting from the north gate of the temple, illustrates the complete epic story of Ramayana sequentially, in a clockwise direction covering the entire compound wall. The murals serve to emphasise human values of honesty, faith, and devotion. They house interesting artefacts of regions such as Cambodia and Java.
One of these salas had an inscription of Ramkamhaeng , which was moved, in , to the National Library.
During the reign of King Mongkut , the Phra Gandharara, a small chapel at the southwest corner, and a tall belfry were added. However, this practice was discontinued during Rama IV 's reign as it was feared that the image could get damaged during the procession and also a practical line of thinking that Rama IV held "that diseases are caused by germs, not by evil spirits or the displeasure of the Buddha". The image also marks the changing of the seasons in Thailand, with the king presiding over the seasonal ceremonies.
It is a significant ritual held at this temple. In this ritual, dress of the deity is changed three times a year to correspond to the seasons. In summer it is a pointed crown of gold and jewels, and a set of jewelled ornaments that adorns the image from the shoulders to the ankles. In winter, a meshed dressing gown or drapery made of gold beads, which covered from the neck down like a poncho is used.
During the rainy months, a top-knot headdress studded with gold, enamel and sapphires; the gold attire in the rainy season is draped over the left shoulder of the deity, only with the right shoulder left bare while gold ornaments embellish the image up to the ankles. The astrological dates for the ritual ceremonies, at the changing of the seasons, followed are in the 1st waning moon of lunar months 4, 8 and 12 around March, July and November.
The costume change ritual is performed by the Thai king who is the highest master of ceremonies for all Buddhist rites. On each occasion, the king himself "cleans the image by wiping away any dust that has collected and changing the headdress of the image". Then a king's royal attendant climbs up and performs the elaborate ritual of changing garments of the image as the king is chanting prayers to the deity.
On this occasion, the king sprinkles water over the monks and the faithful who have assembled to witness the unique ritual and seeks blessings of the deity for good fortune during the upcoming season. The two sets of clothing not in use at any given time are kept on display in the nearby Pavilion of Regalia, Royal Decorations and Coins in the precincts of the Grand Palace. While Rama I initiated this ritual for the hot season and the rainy season, Rama III introduced the ritual for the winter season.
On this day, the king attends the ceremony. The former king Rama IX , with his Queen, and entourage of the royal family, the Prime Minister, officials in the Ministry of Defence, and other government departments, first offered prayers at the Emerald Buddha temple.
This was followed by visit to the pantheon to pay homage to the images of past Chakri rulers that are installed there. One such event took place when Rama IX was crowned the king. On this occasion, the hing came to the Chapel Royal, Wat Phra Keo, in a procession wearing a "great crown".
After entering the chapel, the king made offerings of gold and silver flowers to the deity and also lighted candles. This object is widely overpriced. That is a reasonable and sensible price. I realize it is enterprise, and that they really are here to help make money.
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